All posts in Wedding Bands

Desi Arnaz Proposed to Lucille Ball with a 40-Carat Aquamarine

Capture the Essence! of Lucille Ball with this 27-carat aquamarine ring. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

Capture the Essence! of Lucille Ball with this 27-carat aquamarine ring. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

Imagine the luxury of wearing such a large and beautiful stone on that finger every day. This beautiful 27-carat aquamarine rests beautifully in a modern four-prong ring fashioned from 14k yellow gold. A total of 12 round brilliant diamonds flank the stone, six on either side, giving an architectural dazzle to the whole of the ring.

Can you feel the weight of it? Now, imagine that the aquamarine was another 25% larger.

This was the scrumptious luxury afforded the late Lucille Ball, to wear such a knock-out ring on a daily basis.

In 1947, a journalist wrote of a collection of jewelry which Lucille Ball carried with her when traveling {4}. According to reports from that time, these jewels were among her favorites, gifts from her husband Desi Arnaz. According to an AP news report from 1950, her gorgeous aquamarine ring was actually her engagement ring {5}.

To date, I have been unable to verify this claim with any primary sources. All secondary sources seem to trace back to this one AP article, which does not list its source for the information. There are some reasons to believe such a claim, one of them being that aquamarine was one of Lucy’s favorite colors.

Lucille Ball was clearly a woman of her own mind, not likely to hold to the traditions of men when making her choices. Several sources claim she actually chose the ring herself, and some facts surrounding her marriage to Desi Arnaz intimate that she may have actually purchased the ring for herself.

The authors of Planet Wedding describe a scene that begs the question of an engagement ring. In this account, Desi is said to have overheard Lucy giving an interview onset in 1940.  During this interview she proposed a list of all the reasons why she would never agree to marry Desi. In an outrage, Desi is said to have confronted Lucy with an announcement that not only would she marry him, but she would do so the next day.

Again, I have been unable to confirm this information with a primary source, but quotes from both Desi and Lucy intimate a shotgun style wedding on Saturday, November 30, 1940. So hasty were their plans that Desi forgot to purchase a wedding ring. He slipped a brass ring, purchased at a nearby department store, onto her finger as he made his vows against their “Christmas card” backdrop at the Byram River Beagle Club in Greenwich, Connecticut {1}. If the account in Planet Wedding is true, then it’s likely Lucille Ball did not actually receive a true engagement ring.

I have, to date, found no comment from Lucy on the aquamarine ring, though she does remark that her brass ring, though replaced by Desi with a platinum band, enjoyed a long life “among the diamonds and emeralds in my jewel case…” {2}.

Unfortunately, this beautiful aquamarine ring was among the $6000 worth of jewels stolen from the comedienne’s hotel room in Chicago in 1950. It is unclear whether her jewels were ever recovered.

Notes

  1. Arnaz, Desi. A Book. Cutchogue, NY: Buccaneer Books, Inc., 1994, p. 115.
  2. Ball, Lucille. Love, Lucy. NY: Berkley Books, 1997, p. 110.
  3. Choron, Sandra and Harry Choron. Planet Wedding: A Nuptial-pedia. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2010, p. 91.
  4. Karol, Michael. Lucy A to Z: The Lucille Ball Encyclopedia, 4th Edition. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse Star, 2008, p. 231. 
  5. “Lucille Ball Robbed of $6000 in Jewelry,” Spokane Daily Chronicle, June 2, 1950, p. 9.

Norwegian Wedding & Engagement Traditions

Capture the Essence! of Norwegian Tradition with this Platinum Designer Wedding Ring with Millgrain Details. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

Capture the Essence! of Norwegian Tradition with this Platinum Designer Wedding Ring with Millgrain Details. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

Norway, the land of “magnificent glaciers[,] flowing waterfalls[,] and mountain peaks dipping their toes in the fjords” which inspired the Disney’s magical icy fairy tale “Frozen”, is a prime source for medieval wedding inspiration {cited}. If you love Viking boats, exquisite craftsmanship, and traditions rooted in storytelling and superstition, then look no further than the Norwegians whose wedding customs continue to evoke bygone eras.

According to tradition, Norwegian couples begin preparing for marriage once the families approve of their engagement. Traditionally, engagement rings are not exchanged in Norway, though these days couples will wear their wedding rings, plain gold bands, on their left hands in the months leading up to the ceremony.

However, in lieu of the private proposal, a huge feast is given in honor of the couple. Following this public announcement, the groom then showers his bride with gifts to display his continued intention to make her his bride. During this season of engagement, the traditional Norwegian bride knits socks and mittens for each of her fiancé’s relatives. Norwegians place a high value on their daughters, so this offering of personal items was the only dowry offered to the groom’s family.

On the morning of the appointed wedding day, the groom, dressed in his bunad (a woolen suit), white silk shirt, short pants, calf-length stockings, a vest, and a top coat, arrive with his clan at his intended’s home. He is greeted by the woman’s father, who offers him a cup of beer. After taking a sip, the groom must again ask, not only her father, but all of her relatives in attendance for permission to marry his sweetheart.

Once consent is granted, the bride is allowed to make her appearance on the doorstep. Though some devoutly traditional brides wear the traditional bridal bunad (a handmade dress of dark blue or black wool embroidered in traditional Norwegian decor), most modern Norwegian brides wear a bridal gown in white or silver. Atop her head, every Norwegian bride wears a crown of gold or silver laced with spoon-like bangles which produce a melodic sound as the bride moves about, a way for her to ward off evil spirits.

To further ward off evil spirits, the front door of the house is slammed three times just after the playing of the lur announces the official start of the wedding festivities. Side by side, the couple sets off down the path toward the church with a fiddler and their closest friends and family members trailing behind. Their remaining relatives remain at the bride’s home until after the ceremony.

During the ceremony, the bride and groom exchange their wedding rings. As is customary in many European countries, the rings are placed on their right ring fingers. A traditional kiss is exchanged, symbolic of the endless exchange of their souls one with the other. After the ceremony, the wedding party returns to the bride’s home for the reception and feast, a party which extends well into the wee hours of the morning.

Many toasts are made, including a speech in honor of the chefs and servers, and then the cake is cut. One type of traditional Norwegian wedding cake, the Brudlaupskling, is made from flour and is drizzled in a mixture of cheese, cream, and syrup. Another type (Kransekake) is made from macaroon rings stacked upon each other in descending sizes, forming a fluted pyramid. These are decorated with candy, flowers, and the Norwegian flag. Some brides choose to engage in the custom of lifting the top ring off the pyramid. The number of rings she pulls off with it are said to represent the number of children with which the couple will be blessed.

The dancing commences shortly after the cakes are served, and during the dance the bride and groom are encouraged by shouting to stand upon a chair and kiss. Traditionally, the guests could extend the length of these kisses by giving lavish wedding gifts. The more expensive the gift, the longer the kiss! Beer is served in abundance, and the revelers enjoy the festivities until around midnight.

This night of revelry ends with the presentation of the Bride’s Cheese. The bride serves a slice of cheese soaked in honey and sprinkled with nuts to each of her guests from a tray. This served as a hint to the guests that the sweetness of the night was only just beginning for the happy couple, so once the bride’s tray was empty, the guests would soon after begin leaving. The bride and groom are then free to enjoy their Sweet Night together in the privacy of their bedroom, and in the morning the groom lavishes his bride with further gifts, typically diamond and gold jewelry.

Notes

  1. Ingebretsen’s. “Norwegian Wedding Traditions.” Accessed May 5, 2014. https://www.ingebretsens.com/culture/weddings/norw-wed-tradition.
  2. Norwegian Dating. “Wedding Traditions in Norway.” Accessed May 5, 2014. http://www.norwegiandating.net/wedding-traditions-in-norway/.
  3. O’Leary, Margaret Hayford. Culture and Customs of Norway. ABC-CLIO, 2010.
  4. Otnes, Cele C. and Tina M. Lowrey. Contemporary Consumption Rituals: A Research Anthology. Taylor & Francis, 2004.
  5. Rogers, Abby. “15 Unique Wedding Customs From Around the World,” Business Insider, October 18, 2011.

French Bridal Ring Traditions

Capture the Essence! of French Romance with this Antique 1930s Engagement Ring featuring Old Euro and Old Single Cut Diamonds. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

Capture the Essence! of French Romance with this Antique 1930s Engagement Ring featuring Old Euro and Old Single Cut Diamonds. Photo ©2014 EraGem Jewelry.

Very little seems to be written about the exchange of bridal rings in France. What little there is appears somewhat contradictory without traceable reference sources. The few bits of information available are intriguing enough, however, to warrant a brief post on French bridal ring traditions.

According to Planet Wedding, the French exchange wedding rings which are engraved in such a way that when they’re united on the wedding day they form a complete whole. The bride’s ring features her name and part of the wedding date, and the groom’s ring bears his name and the remainder of the wedding date. The source of this information is not provided in Planet Wedding’s book.

Though the custom of wearing diamond engagement rings is extremely popular in the US, it appears that the French are not as inclined to choose diamonds, and when they do, according to one resident, they opt for smaller sizes, ranging from 0.3 – 0.4 carats. The source of this tidbit, a woman from America who married a Frenchman, reports that among her French friends the choice in wedding bands tends toward simple bands or mixed-stone rings {cited}.

As reported by Expatica, the French are believed to opt for three interwoven bands of varying colors. Again, no reference point is offered for this information and a search on Google for multi-colored French wedding bands directs the seeker to Cartier, creator of the famed Cartier Trinity Rings. It is not clear whether this is truly French tradition, or whether this is simply one French company’s brand of romance.

According to Vicki Howard, who wrote the book Brides, Inc.: American Weddings and the Business of Traditions, the custom of exchanging wedding rings in France was tied up in the liturgical practice of the prevailing religious tradition, French Catholic. She notes that the first account of both men and women donning rings during the wedding ceremony appears in the 16th century. She makes no mention of the traditions surrounding the engagement ring in French culture.

The most credible source for information on current French bridal ring practice comes from the author of the blog, Becoming MadameIn a guest post written for EmilyintheGlass, this American woman describes her firsthand experience of planning a French wedding according to her family-to-be’s strict French traditions. As she notes, these traditions may not be customary to all of France, but they certainly were important to her new Catholic French family.

She first discusses the tradition of the engagement ring. While her fiance opted for what the French call a “Hollywood proposal,” where he got down on one knee and presented her with a ring, this gesture was completely lost on his mother, who was “less than pleased” to discover that she was wearing her engagement ring prior to the customary les fiançailles. This event is a formal party during which the parents of the bride and groom meet for the first time over a hearty feast and the couple is blessed during Mass. This is also the traditional time for the presentation of the engagement ring.

According to French tradition, a betrothal is proposed by a simple question posed by the man, “Will you marry me?” If the woman accepts, then the man must don white gloves before asking her father for permission. Once consent is granted, announcements are made and the couple goes out together to purchase the engagement ring, a gift presented by the man in front of their families during the les fiançailles.

While ring bearers are not a part of the traditional French wedding ceremony, there is a custom akin to American bridal shows called Salon du marriage. During these trade fairs, couples can choose their wedding attire and stationery, sample the wares of various caterers, hire their music and photography, and even choose their wedding rings.

Unfortunately, as is so often the case, our Madame left out the “little” detail of exchanging the wedding rings, but she did share the delightful tradition of une Pièce Montéea pyramid made of “small, golden, cream-filled balls called les choux mounted with caramel glaze.” This is the stand-in for the many-tiered wonder we call a wedding cake, and it sounds absolutely delightful to me!

Was the Virgin Mary’s Wedding Ring Amethyst and Onyx?

Santo Anello, the Blessed Virgin's Wedding Ring, Perugia, Italy.

Santo Anello, the Blessed Virgin’s Wedding Ring, Perugia, Italy.

Rumor has it that Joseph gave the mother of Jesus Christ a wedding ring on the day of their betrothal. Such was the widespread belief among Catholic communities in the mid-to-late 1800s. This rumor appears to have two separate sources. The first source comes from the visions of Anne Catherine Emmerich, a mystic seer and Augustinian nun who was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2004.

Between 1813 and 1819, the sickly nun began experiencing the sainted sign of stigmata. A series of investigations took place, and her piety and sanctity were confirmed by a number of inquirers. Soon after, she was visited by several figures prominent in the emerging Church renewal movement. One such visitor, the poet Clemens Brentano, made it his mission to record their discussions about her visions.

It is within a series of these visions, dated between July 29 and August 3, 1821, that Sister Catherine saw the wedding ring of the Blessed Virgin Mary. She is said to have reported that the ring was “neither of silver nor gold, nor of any other metal; it is dark in color and iridescent; it is not a thin narrow ring, but rather thick and at least a finger broad. I saw it smooth and yet as if covered with little regular triangles in which were letters. On the inside was a flat surface. The ring is engraved with something. I saw it kept behind many locks in a beautiful church. Devout people about to be married take their wedding-rings to touch it.”

Nearly simultaneously, in 1823, William Hone wrote a book titled Ancient Mysteries Described. In it, he also describes the Virgin Mary’s wedding ring, though he reported that it was said to be of onyx and amethyst, representing the budded rod of Joseph.

So, did Mary have a wedding ring? Was it amethyst and onyx, or was it the larger quartz version eluded to in Sister Catherine’s visions?

Even Mr. Hone holds his tongue in his cheek as he comments on the ring’s miraculous powers. Not only was the ring capable of healing the sick and bringing fortune to those whose wedding rings touched it on St. Joseph’s Day, but the ring also held “miraculous powers of multiplying itself” {1}. Apparently, there were several churches claiming to possess the precious relic during the mid-1400s.

Legend has it that the ring was acquired by a traveling jeweler and lapidary, Ranerius. In 966 AD, Judith, wife of Hugo, Marquess of Etruria, hired Ranerius to travel to Rome in search of beautiful jewels for her. While in Rome, Ranerius met a jeweler from Jerusalem who offered him an onyx and amethyst ring as a token of their friendship.

Ranerius appears to have been somewhat callous about the gesture, considering the ring to be of little value despite the Jewish man’s insistence that the jewel was the betrothal gift given to the Virgin Mary on her wedding day. The Italian tossed the ring in a chest, clearly unconvinced by the Jewish lore surrounding the ring. Ten years later, the man’s son lay in a coffin, borne upon a hearse toward a cemetery.

In a moment of mystical mayhem, the young boy suddenly rose up and called for his father, claiming a visitation from the Blessed Virgin. The story goes that the boy described the ring and its location in the forsaken chest and insisted that Mary desired her wedding band to receive its full due. When the chest was brought to the boy, he pulled out the ring and kissed it, just as the bells began to peal spontaneously. The onlookers were moved to worship as the scene unfolded, and the boy delivered the ring to church officials. Satisfied with his task, the boy lay back down in his coffin and breathed (again) his last. He was buried that day.

The ring remained in church custody for the next 500 years, rumored to bring relief to women in labor, to heal sciatica and diseases of the eye, to bring about reconciliation between married couples, and to exorcise demons. In 1473, it was handed over to the Franciscans in Clusium, where it was shown by appointment to visitors. On one such occasion, some say in 1488, a visiting priest, described by Mr. Hone as “a crafty German” named Wintherus, faked the ring’s return to its cherished box, hiding it instead beneath his sleeves. He fled to the countryside, where he encountered trouble in the form of a mysteriously deep darkness supposedly created by the disgruntled relic {2}.

Failing in his efforts to smuggle the ring out of the country, he made his way to Perugia where he convinced the resident church leadership that he had rescued the relic from the Clusiums. Realizing he would not make it out of the country under the thick veil of darkness, he willingly exchanged the ring for a modest fortune and a position in the governance of the city of Perugia.

When Sister Catherine saw the ring in her vision, it was housed in a medieval lock box gilt in silver and gold in Perugia’s San Lorenzo Cathedral. The box required seven keys to open, and the ring is neither onyx nor gold. Today, a wide band of pure quartz with a flattened bottom hangs from a golden crown at the apex of an elaborate statue.

Notes

  1. Hone, William. Ancient Mysteries Described. London: J. M’Creery, Tooks Court, 1823, p. 119.
  2. Ibid.

Prometheus and the First Finger Ring

A Shen Ring from Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (1569-31 BCE). On view at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Photo Public Domain.

A Shen Ring from Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (1569-31 BCE). On view at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Photo Public Domain.

In Volume 6 of Natural History, Pliny the Elder includes a chapter called “The Origin of Gold Rings.” In this section, Pliny briefly discusses the legends of Prometheus and Midas, as well as the practices of the Romans and the Greeks. It is this account, more than any other, that appears to corroborate the legend of Prometheus and the First Finger Ring, although Pliny is not entirely certain the ring was worn on the Titan’s finger.

The story goes something like this:

Prometheus was hailed as the benefactor and protector of mankind. He is well-known for his trickery against Zeus, beginning with arranging for Zeus to choose the worst of sacrifices for the gods, leaving the best meat for men. In retribution, Zeus punished man by revoking from men the use of fire. Soon after, Prometheus stealthily recovered fire for men, so Zeus sent Pandora (woman) to earth as further punishment.

On that same day, Zeus chained Prometheus to Caucasus, a rock in the Kazbek Mountains, and ordered a eagle (some say a vulture) to eat Prometheus’s liver every day. By the next morning, the Titan’s immortal liver would grow back just in time for the bird’s return. His punishment was slated to continue for all eternity.

Respite came for Prometheus when Hercules braved the stormy heights to ascend the mountain. After killing the bird, he heaved a mighty blow upon Prometheus’s iron chains and set the Titan free. As a concession, Zeus ordered that Prometheus wear upon his finger a link of his chain into which a piece of the rock was set, thereby ensuring that Prometheus would ever carry the weight of his punishment.

Who Wore the First Wedding Ring?

Antique Mens Old Euro Diamond Wedding Band

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

Many talk of the very first diamond engagement ring, reportedly worn by Mary of Burgundy in 1477. Said to be a gold ring with the letter ‘M’ spelled out in small diamonds, this ring was a gift from her husband before their betrothal.

But don’t you sometimes wonder who wore the first wedding ring?

Some say the first wedding rings were made of rushes and reeds, worn by Egyptian wives nearly 5,000 years ago. This is a hard one to prove, as such rings were likely replaced month after month as the materials eroded.

According to some, the Romans were the first to claim their wives with a ring, usually one forged of iron, though this practice was borne out of a sense of dominion rather than sentiment. Others believe the Romans were heavily influenced by the practice of the Greeks, who credited Zeus with the construction of the first finger ring for Prometheus, an act of mercy laced with a hint of bondage.

Perhaps the most interesting legend comes from ancient Jewish tradition. A somewhat obscure legend places the first wedding ring on the finger of the wife of a descendant of Adam, Israel’s first man. According to such stories, Adam’s banished son Cain went on to the land of Nod to create his own tribe.

Cain’s descendants became the smithies, workers of metal, men of science, and creators of art. As such, it was believed that Cain’s son, Tubal-Cain, was a master in the working of metal ore, including iron. It was under his designer’s eye that the first ring was forged of iron.

Not quite sure what to do with it, Tubal-Cain is said to have brought the ring to Adam. Following the sage man’s advice, Tubal-Cain gave the ring to his son with instruction to procure with it a wife.

Notes

  1. _______. “Rings and Their History,” The Illustrated American, June 20, 1891, pp. 213-215.
  2. Chambers, William and Robert Chambers. “The Ring of Rings,” Chambers’s Journal of Popular Literature, Science and Arts. London & Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers, 1872.
  3. Steiner, Rudolf. “The Temple Legend–Freemasonry & Related Occult Movements.” London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1985.
  4. Wikipedia. “Tubal-Cain. Accessed March 26, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tubal-cain.

Vintage Royal Weddings: John Jay + Sarah Livingston

Jacobean Thimble 17th Century. Photo licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Jacobean Thimble 17th Century. Photo is used under the GNU Free Documentation License.

The year is 1774. The month is May, and the New York Gazette posts a public announcement that a prominent attorney, Mr. John Jay, has married “the beautiful Sarah Livingston,” at her parents’ New Jersey estate {1}. The Livingstons and the Jays are two of only a handful of founding families in America. Predating the American Revolution, these families remain as true to their core values, those of culture and refinement, integrity and civic duty, good manners and respectability, as their forebears did in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Their names are a legacy, and their descendants carry on lives that are, although private, extremely notable. They often shun the limelight, though their deaths usually spark a flurry of press attention. Far from being celebrities, these are the American aristocrats, American Royalty. Often moneyed, always influential, these families have shaped America in a subtle, yet profound way. In a slight nod toward European royalty, their marriages were quite often made for alliances rather than for love. Although, unlike their royal counterparts, they wisely chose not to keep it in the family.

According to Stephen Birmingham, author of America’s Secret Aristocracy, the discreet marriage announcement, made almost a month after the wedding took place, was perfectly appropriate, despite the underpinnings of royalty associated with such a delicious merger between “two linchpin American families” {2}. These two families had lived on American soil as colonizers for nearly 100 years by this time. Even the most private family affair included 300 Livingstons, perhaps as many Jays, and then all their close family friends, easily 1000 wedding guests.

In lieu of wedding or engagement rings, it was customary for Colonial Americans to receive or exchange thimbles. Rings were eschewed by their Puritan ancestors, being that they were all too showy and altogether impractical. The practice of exchanging thimbles extended well into the 19th century, though by that time young women were said to remove the top portion of the thimble and wear the rim as a ring. Not so with Sarah Livingston. In all likelihood, she received a thimble and probably used it, too.

Notes

  1. Birmingham, Stephen. America’s Secret Aristocracy. Boston/Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1987, p. 17.
  2. Ibid, p. 16.

Vintage Celebrity Weddings: Amelia Earhart + George Putnam

Portrait of NY publicist George Palmer Putnam and his wife, Amelia Earhart, c. 1930s in the Purdue University archives. Photo is in the public domain.

Portrait of NY publicist George Palmer Putnam and his wife, Amelia Earhart, c. 1930s in the Purdue University archives. Photo is in the public domain.

by Angela Magnotti Andrews

In 1928, George Putnam embarked on the adventure of a love that was as wild and wonderful as any excursion into the unknown. Already a seasoned explorer, Mr. Putnam had seen for himself the pristine shores of Greenland and Baffin Island. He had written three books on his travels and one about the tale of S.A. Andree’s tragic hot air balloon excursion to the North Pole. He honed his editorial skills on books written by Charles Lindbergh, Rear Admiral Byrd, and Captain Bob Bartlett.

Adventure ran through his veins, and as he made the transition from publishing to public relations, he naturally gravitated toward what would become one of the most famous flights in history. In June of 1928, Mr. Putnam managed and directed the transatlantic flight of the Friendship, piloted by Wilmer Stultz, with Lou Gordon serving as mechanic. For publicity, he arranged for a new acquaintance, Miss Amelia Earhart, to ride as a passenger.

The flight’s success swiftly launched Mr. Putnam and Miss Earhart into closer contact, as they worked closely on her book, 20 Hrs. 40 Min. By the end of that summer, Dorothy Putnam had grown very fond of Amelia despite suspicions that her husband was falling in love with the young aviatrix. Indeed, she was somewhat relieved having set her sights on her son’s tutor a whole year prior {6}.

Though their divorce was highly publicized, riddled with no small amount of scandal, the Putnams seem to have parted amicably the following year. Between 1929 and 1931, Mr. Putnam proposed marriage to Amelia Earhart six times before the reluctant heroine finally agreed. Her terms were tough, but fair:

  1. We must allow each other the privilege to fall in love with someone else if the opportunity presents itself.
  2. We must not “interfere with the others’ work or play” {7}
  3. The world must not be allowed to “see our private joys or disagreements” {7}
  4. I must be allowed my own separate space, “for I cannot guarantee to endure at all times the confinement of even an attractive cage” {7}
  5. Happiness is paramount: “I must exact a cruel promise and that is you will let me go in a year if we find no happiness together” {7}

Mr. Putnam gladly accepted her counter-proposal, and the two were married in a private family ceremony at his mother’s home in Noank, Connecticut, on February 7, 1931. According to the New York Times, “As Mr. Putnam slipped a plain platinum ring on Miss Earhart’s finger [two] cats, coal black and playful, rubbed arched backs against his ankles” {1}.

Not even the post mistress in Noank knew there was a wedding taking place nearby, and Mr. Putnam’s mother was kept in the dark as to where the couple spent their first nights as man and wife. They returned to the public eye the following Monday, and their romance has been one of the most celebrated in history ever since.

Bibliography

  1. “Amelia Earhart Weds G.P. Putnam,” New York Times, February 7, 1931.
  2. Davey, Helen. “Horizons Unlimited: True Stories of Trauma and Triumph,” Huff Post: Books, The Blog, January 25, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/helen-davey/horizons-unlimited-true-s_b_2547695.html.
  3. Forney Museum Newsletters. “Amelia Earhart (1897-1937).” Accessed January 22, 2014. http://www.forneymuseum.org/News_AmeliaEarhart_2.html.
  4. Hess, Amanda. “Amelia Earhart’s Surprisingly Modern Prenup,” Slate: The XX Factor Blog, December 11, 2012. http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2012/12/11/amelia_earhart_s_marriage_prenup_i_won_t_be_faithful_i_won_t_stop_working.html.
  5. Jones, Victoria Garrett. Amelia Earhart: A Life in Flight. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009.
  6. Chapman, Sally Putnam. Whistled Like a Bird: The Untold Story of Dorothy Putnam, George Putnam, and Amelia Earhart. New York: Warner Books, Inc., 1997.
  7. Usher, Sean, ed. “You must know again my reluctance to marry,” Letters of Note, April 1, 2010. http://www.lettersofnote.com/2010/04/you-must-know-again-my-reluctance-to.html.
  8. World History Project. “Amelia Earhart marries George Putnam.” Accessed January 22, 2014. http://worldhistoryproject.org/1931/2/7/amelia-earhart-marries-george-putnam.

Robin Wright + Ben Foster Seal Their Engagement with a Lover’s Knot and Eternity Band

Diamond Eternity Band in Platinum. Photo © EraGem Jewelry

Look Right Here! at this Diamond Eternity Band in Platinum. Photo © 2014 EraGem Jewelry

Robin Wright and Ben Foster appeared together Friday night with Ms. Wright’s daughter, Dylan Penn, at Diane von Furstenberg’s “Journey of Dress” premiere in LA. In photos captured on the red carpet, the esteemed movie and TV actress wears two simple golden bands, one a lovers knot and the other a gold eternity band which may be set with diamonds. The couple confirmed their engagement today after a two-year romance.

Ms. Wright is as famous for her wild 20-year romance with actor Sean Penn as she is for her iconic roles in The Princess Bride and Forrest Gump. Her most committed role to date, however, has been that of mother to Dylan Penn (22) and Hopper Penn (20). During their formative years, the actress repeatedly refused roles that would distract her from her leading role. “I did what I wanted to do: I raised my kids” {cited}.

Now that they’re all grown up, Robin Wright has emerged once again, as brilliant and busy as ever. With leads in The Conspirator (2010) and The Private Lives of Pippa Lee (2009) and supporting roles in Rampart (2011) and The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011), Robin Wright worked diligently toward her current Emmy-nominated role in TV’s House of Cards.

She met her sweetheart, Ben Foster, on the set of Rampart, and the two began their public romance in February of 2012. Mr. Foster began his career as a TV actor, appearing regularly in Flash Forward (1996-97), Freaks and Geeks (1999-2000), and Six Feet Under (2003-05). He first appeared in movies in 2006, when he scored parts in Alpha Dog and X-Men: The Last Stand. Ben will be taking the lead for the first time in a biopic about bicyclist Lance Armstrong. The movie is currently in the works with an unspecified release date.

The couple’s big day also has yet to be announced.

Platinum: The Perfect Representation of Eternal Love

© 2013 EraGem

© 2013 EraGem

May we recommend this lovely bridal set for your winter wedding?

The central diamond weighs in at 1 carat and has been graded by the Gemological Institute of America as a G in color with a clean VS1 clarity grade. The stone’s excellent cut, polish, and symmetry ensures that this diamond will dazzle even on the grayest winter day.

For additional sparkle, one round brilliant diamond sits on either shoulder alongside the central diamond, and the complementary wedding band features a row of three round brilliants. All together, 1.84 carats of high-quality diamonds sparkle amidst a lovely setting crafted entirely of platinum.

Truly, there is no metal more perfect to represent the bonds of love than platinum. First, it is heavier than any other metal used for gold. Platinum’s hefty substance symbolizes the greater weight you will now give this one relationship over all that have gone before it.

Platinum is also extremely durable, withstanding great heat and pressure without losing its luster. Your marriage, too, will endure hardship, uncertainty, and the pressures of daily life. It is our hope that through it all, you will find your bonds will be as durable as platinum.

In order to produce one ounce of pure platinum, ten tons of raw ore must be worked for over five months, and when platinum is scratched its substance is only displaced and not truly lost. With a little attention and a good polishing, that material can be coaxed back into place, leaving the surface as shiny as when it was before the wound.

Similarly, the purity of your love will require careful cultivation over time, and when hard times come your way, we hope that with a little bit of attention and a good dose of healing, your love will be as shiny and pure as it was in the beginning, if not more so.

Rarer, purer, and stronger than nearly every other jewelry-grade metal on earth, platinum is truly the perfect representation of the eternal bonds of love between marriage partners. What better way to seal your union than with this gorgeous pairing of pristine diamonds and lustrous platinum?